By operating sanitation services for public authorities, private operators are contributing to the implementation/realisation of the human right to sanitation; protecting water resources and supporting social and economic activities. Efforts must be continued as 2.4 billion people still do not have basic sanitation facilities[reference].
Major improvements have been made over the past two decades to give people access to improved sanitation facilities:
• In 2010, the Right to Sanitation has been recognized as a human right by the United Nations (In the General Assembly then in the Human Rights Council).
• In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) said that nearly one third of the current global population had gained access to an improved sanitation facility since 1990, representing 2,1 billion people.
AquaFed has contributed to the work of the UN Special Rapporteur and is helping water professionals, for which sanitation is a core business, to contribute to the implementation of this right. As agents of responsible public authorities, private water operators participate in the collection, transportation, de-pollution and re-use of all forms of wastewater.
Wastewater management still remains a major challenge for government and operators, as at least a third of the global population representing 2.4 billion people don’t have basic sanitation facilities such as toilets or latrines . Particularly, 1.5 billion people still proceed with open defecation. As for unsafe drinking water, poor sanitation is linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio.
AquaFed is cooperating with the international community within the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to intensify efforts made at a global level to
• Achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation
• improve water quality by reducing pollution, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally. In a water constrained world, the management of used water to protect and augment natural water resources should be a priority.
• 1.1 billion people have no access to sanitation facility.
• 2.4 billion people still did not have safe sanitation facilities.
• 280 000 people are dying annually due to inadequate sanitation.
1/ Definition of Sanitation
Sanitation includes safe collection, storage, treatment, disposal and reuse or recycling of:
However, this term is used in different ways when the sanitation challenge is discussed at the international level. The two official concepts of "Improved Sanitation" and "Basic Sanitation" that have been used for the sanitation target of the UN Millennium Development Goals are not clearly identified by many.
AquaFed’s suggestion below seeks to provide common ground in the different positions taken
by politicians, public health, environment, and water practitioners.
2/ Integrated Sanitation Management
Management of used water is an essential sanitation activity that contributes locally to sustainable development and to economic development.
AquaFed advocates for better Integrated Sanitation Management (ISM), promoting an integrated vision of the different components of wastewater management:
This integrated approach has been promoted by the international community:
3/ PRIVATE OPERATORS SANITATION’S SERVICES
Sanitation is a core business of private water operators:
Our case studies on